Jewish mementos in Györ-Moson-Sopron Comitatus



The Jewish cemetery of Rajka is the most unkempt of the Györ-Moson-Sopron comitatus. The gate is closed, the surrounding walls are coming down, on the inside the visitor would be greeted by the sight of an ancient bush. It has been a long time that the gate to this cemetery was opened, one can only guess at the numbers of tombstones standing and lying there.
Thanks to the local chronicles we have precise data on the immigration of Jews to Rajka from 1835 on, when the register was begun. Back then 35 families, 100 persons, lived here, they had a synagogue and a prayer house, the rabbi’s name was Mózes Krausz. They had their own cemetery which according to the records was founded in 1830.
The Jews living here worked in almost all professions. Zsigmond Spuller for example owned a plant producing sparkling water. It had been founded by his father, Miksa Spuller who had also been the head of the Jewish community. The company had two bottling stations with 1500 bottles. Mór Löwin was a merchant, Zsigmond Spuller traded grains.
Jews first settled in Rajka in the 16th century when they were displaced from Vienna. They started migrating to Hungary. On June 6 and 7, 1944 they were brought to the ghetto of Györ. Only few of them returned from the concentration camps, they too did not stay in Rajka for long. Now only the cemetery commemorates their presence, it lies by the former border crossing of Rajka between Hungary and Czechoslovakia, later the Hungarian-Slovakian border.

by Johannes Scholem Graf & Alexandra Vogt