Jewish mementos in Györ-Moson-Sopron Comitatus



Among the inhabitants of Györszemere is a Jewish community from the 19th century. There are documents stating that it had over one hundred members but in the 20th century most of them relocated to Györ so their number decreased. They had run stores and pubs and also had their own school. Nowadays only the cemetery is left but barely visible. Accounts of the elders hold the Jewish cemetery was opened in the middle of the 19th century. During the war the German soldiers took away the tombstones and put them under their tanks in muddy terrain when they got stuck. Whatever was left over was then taken by the locals and used in the foundations on construction sites. In 1980 together with the head of the village council efforts to save the decaying cemetery began. It was cleaned up, fenced in and 15 tombstones were placed in the cemetery. The last burial here had been shortly before World War II.

Memorial Site

17 Jews were deported from Györszemere. They are commemorated by a Holocaust memorial park in town. Its plaque which resembles the Wailing Wall holds not only the names of the twenty seven martyrs but also the names of the non-Jewish victims of this pointless war. It was inaugurated in 1984. In 2004 a wooden memorial was put up to commemorate the 60th anniversary of he Holocaust.

by Johannes Scholem Graf & Alexandra Vogt