Jewish mementos in Györ-Moson-Sopron Comitatus


There had already been Jews living in Gyömöre in the 1770s, their numbers fluctuating. At times the Jewish population accounted for one third of the total population of the village. Their main occupation was linked to trade and services, they were carpenters, shoemakers, bakers and merchants. The wealthiest and most well-known family in Gyömöre was the Steiner family, they ran a spirit and liqueur company. They bought their mash in Transdanubia, Transsylvania and Slavonia. Their fortune and fame were substantial and their products were successful even in Vienna.


The cemetery in Gyömöre was established in the 1820s, the tombstones that lasted to this day are mostly marked in Hebrew. A dozen of them survived the war and stupidity of using tombstones for other purposes. After the war there were still burials at the cemetery of Gyömöre, now it serves as a memorial.
The Jews also had a famous school in Gyömöre, it offered good prospects to its students, some of which later became rabbis in Pécs, Nagyvárad and other villages. Students were welcome from all parts of historic Hungary.
Gyömöre mourns the death of 200 victims of the Holocaust, only seven returned from this hell.

by Johannes Scholem Graf & Alexandra Vogt